Executions in 2018: min. 690 plus 'thousands' in China

Capital Punishment worldwide

World-wide, people are still being hanged, shot or gased to death, poisoned by lethal injection, stoned to death, decapitated or executed by other means.

In the year 2017 at least 933 human beings plus ‘thousands of people’ in China, according to the numbers of Amnesty International, were executed. And the figure for death sentences was at least 2.591 people - again plus ‘thousands’ in China. Amnesty International does not give any numbers concerning China since the country still treats the death penalty as a state secret and does not hand out official numbers on executions or death sentences. The Dui Hua Foundation estimates that around 2.000 people had been executed in China during the year 2017. 

And countries are still very creative when it comes to offenses punishable by death: These reach from murder, rape, kidnapping, treason, … to delicts like apostasy, adultery (which in some countries includes getting raped!) or being homosexual. 

The ten nations with the highest number of executions carried out in 2017 were: China (number unknown), Iran (> 507), Saudi Arabia (> 146), Iraq (> 125), Pakistan (>60), Egypt (>35), Somalia (24), USA (23), Jordan (15) and Singapore (8). It is highly probable, that the real number of executions are far higher than the officially revealed figures.

The only European country who still uses capital punishment is Belarus. Since 1991, the year of the accession of power of the current gouvernment, assumingly 400 people were executed in this nation. In 2009 Belarus did not carry out any executions, therefore all of Europe was free of executions in this year. Nevertheless already in March 2010 two people were executed in Belarus and another three in 2012. Because the death penalty in Belarus is a state secret, precise data are not enclosed.

Today some 142 nations worldwide have abolished the death penalty or at least have not carried out any execution in the past 10 years.  But unfortunately, 56 countries and territories kept capital punishment in their law and carried out executions in the past 10 years. 

Highly concerning became the countries Saudi-Arabia, Iran and Iraq, where the yearly execution numbers rose dramatically during the last years and in many cases for non-mortal crimes like drug trafficking or offenses like blasphemy which are capital crimes under Islamic law.

Terrorism boosted capital punishment over the last years as well and due to the not given transparency it is very likely, that many people who got accused and executed for alleged terrorism, are not terrorists but civilists who were punished for other political reasons under the umbrella of law.

In the following we want to give you a short overview over some of the countries which had most executions in the recent years.

Countries without the death penalty

  Country Year abolished (Year abolished in for regular crimes) Remarks
1 Albania 2007 (2000)  
2 Andorra 1990  
3 Angola 1992  
4 Argentina 2008 (1984)  
5 Armenia 2003  
6 Australia 1985 (1984)  
7 Austria 1968 (1950)  
8 Azerbaijan 1998  
9 Belgium 1996  
10 Bhutan 2004  
11 Bolivia 1997 Death penalty still in military law
12 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2001 (1997)  
13 Brazil 1979 Death penalty still in military law
14 Bulgaria 1998  
15 Burundi 2009  
16 Cambodia 1989  
17 Canada 1998 (1976)  
18 Cap Verde 1981  
19 Chile 2001 Death penalty still in military law
20 Colombia 1910  
21 Cook Islands 2007  
22 Costa Rica 1877  
23 Côte d'Ivoire 2000  
24 Criatia 1990  
25 Cyprus 2002 (1983)  
26 Czechia 1990  
27 Denmark 1978 (1933)  
28 Djibouti 1995  
29 Dominican Republic 1966  
30 Ecuador 1906  
31 El Salvador 1983 Death penalty still in military law
32 Estonia 1998  
33 Fiji 1979 Death penalty still in military law
34 Finland 1972 (1949)  
35 France 1981  
36 Gabun 2010  
37 Georgia 1997  
38 Germany 1949 The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) abolished the death penalty with entry into force of its constitution in the year 1949. The German Democratic Republic abolished the death penalty in 1987. With the German reunification the consitution of the FRG became the mutual constitution.
39 Great Britain 198 (1973)  
40 Greece 2004 (1993)  
41 Guinea-Bissau 1993  
42 Haiti 1987  
43 Honduras 1956  
44 Hungary 1990  
45 Iceland 1928  
46 Ireland 1990  
47 Israel 1954 Death penalty still in military law
48 Italy 1994 (1947)  
49 Kazakhstan 2007 Death penalty still in military law
50 Kiribati 1979  
51 Kyrgyzstan 2007 Death penalty still in military law
52 Latvia 1999 Death penalty still in military law
53 Lichtenstein 1987  
54 Lithuania 1998  
55 Luxembourg 1979  
56 Macedonia 1991  
57 Malta 2000 (1971)  
58 Marshall Islands 1986  
59 Mauritius 1995  
60 Mexico 2005 (1976)  
61 Micronesia 1986  
62 Moldova 1995  
63 Monaco 1962  
64 Montenegro 2002  
65 Mozambique 1990  
66 Namibia 1990  
67 Nepal 1997 (1990)  
68 Netherlands 1982 (1870)  
69 New Zealand 1989 (1961)  
70 Nicaragua 1979  
71 Niue 2004  
72 Norway 1979 (1905)  
73 Palau 1994  
74 Panama 1922  
75 Paraguay 1992  
76 Peru 1979 Death penalty still in military law
77 Philippines 2006  
78 Poland 1997  
79 Portugal 1976 (1867)  
80 Romania 1990  
81 Rwanda 2007  
82 Salomon Islands 1978 (1966)  
83 Samoa 2004  
84 San Marino 1865 (1848)  
85 Sao Tomé und Principe 1990  
86 Senegal 2004  
87 Serbia 2002  
88 Seychelles 1993  
89 Slovakia 1990  
90 Slovenia 1989  
91 South Africa 1997 (1995)  
92 Spain 1995 (1978)  
93 Sweden 1972 (1921)  
94 Switzerland 1992 (1942)  
95 Timor-Leste 1999  
96 Togo 2009  
97 Turkey 2004 (2002)  
98 Turkmenistan 1999  
99 Tuvalu 1978  
100 Ukraine 1999  
101 Uruguay 1907  
102 Uzbekistan 2008  
103 Vanuatu 1980  
104 Vatican City 1969  
105 Venezuela 1863  

Countries with death penalty which haven't carried out executions for more than 10 years

  Country Last execution
1 Algeria 1993
2   Brunei
3 Burkina Faso 1988
4 Cameroon 1997
5 Central African Republic 1981
6 Corea (South Corea) 1986
7 Eritrea 1989
8 Ghana 1993
9 Grenada 1978
10 Kenya 1987
11 Laos 1989
12 Liberia 2000
13 Malawi 1992
14 Maldives 1952
15 Mali 1980
16 Mauretania 1987
17 Morocco 1993
18 Myanmar 1980th
19 Niger 1976
20 Papua New Guinea 1950
21 Russian Federation 1999
21 Sierra Leone 1998
22 Sri Lanka 1976
23 Swasiland 1983
24 Tanzania 1995
25 Tjakistan 2004
26 Tonga 1982
27 Tunisia 1991
28 Zambia 1997

Countries which still carry out executions

1 Afghanistan  
2 Egypt  
3 Antigua and Barbuda  
4 Euqatorial Guinea  
5 Ethiopia  
6 Bahamas  
7 Bahrain  
8 Bangladesh  
9 Barbados  
10 Belarus  
11 Belize  
12 Botsuana  
13 China  
14 Dominica  
15 The Gambia  
16 Guatemala  
17 Guyana  
18 India  
19 Indonesia  
20 Iraq  
21 Iran  
22 Jamaica  
23 Japan  
24 Yemen  
25 Jordan  
26 Qatar  
27 Comoros  
28 Congo (Demokr. Republik)  
29 Corea (Nordkorea)  
30 Cuba  
31 Kuwait  
32 Lesotho  
33 Lebanon  
34 Libya  
35 Malaysia  
36 Nigeria  
37 Oman  
38 Pakistan  
39 Palestinian terrotories  
40 Saudi-Arabia  
41 Zimbabwe  
42 Singapur  
43 Somalia  
44 St. Kitts and Nevis  
45 St. Lucia  
46 St. Vincent and the Grenadines  
47 Sudan  
48 South Sudan  
49 Syria  
50 Taiwan  
51 Thailand  
52 Trinidad and Tobago  
53 Chad  
54 Uganda  
55 United Arab Emirates  
56 United States of America  
57 Vietnam Data from January 2018

Do you know your Rights?

Over and over again we can read about the 'Human Rights' in the media. But barely anybody knows what really belongs to these 'Human Rights' and what doesn’t.  

You’ll find the most important Human Rights tools here.