Executions in 2018: min. 690 plus 'thousands' in China

The constitutional law of the Federal Republic of Germany

The Constitutional Law ('Grundgesetz') forms the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany. It was decided by the Parliamentary Council, whose members had been elected by the state parliaments, on 8 May 1949 and approved by the Allies. It is composed of a preamble, the fundamental rights and an organizational part. The essential governmental decisions on systems and values are determined in the Constitutional Law. It ranks above all other German legal standards. 

The consent of the Bundestag as well as of the Bundesrat, the Federal Council, is necessary for a change of the Constitutional Law. However, it is inadmissible as per article 79, paragraph 3 of the Constitutional Law to change the basic participation of the states in the legislation. The principles laid down in articles 1 and 20 of the Constitutional Law are irreversible. Article 1 guarantees the human dignity and underlines the legally binding character of the fundamental rights. Article 20 describes state principles such as democracy, constitutional state and welfare state.(source: bundestag.de) 

It would be going too far to print all 146 articles of the Basic Law, but you can read these here on the pages of the Bundestag in German language. 

Although the death penalty is embedded in the constitution of the state Hesse, it is no longer applicable because it has been abolished in the Constitutional Law and because Federal Law breaks State Law. In 1998 Bavaria had abolished the death penalty also in the State Law. 

Article 102 of the Constitutional Law of the Federal Republic of Germany states:
“The death penalty is abolished.”